90-10 two-way program benefits

cognitive benefits

  • Learning more than one language gives children cognitive advantages.
    • Learning languages strengthens the processes required during problem solving, such as attention, inhibition, monitoring, and switching focus of attention (Marian and Shook (2012); Bialystok (2007)).
  • Research shows that children are able to learn one, two, or multiple languages earlier in life.

academic benefits

  • Students acquire literacy 2 ½ times faster than in English, so all students have access to books and information sooner.
  • Students experience increased levels of metalinguistic awareness and higher levels of academic achievement in English.
  • Spanish is Latin based and 80% of academic language has Latin roots. 
  • Intensive, well-constructed additive bilingual programs (dual language immersion) often will: “Ensure the highest test scores in all subjects; research has found the higher the proficiency in a second language, the higher the child’s test scores will be in English reading and writing, math, and science” (Howe, 2012).

cultural benefits

  • Students have the opportunity to experience additive bilingualism and biliteracy that fosters maintenance of Spanish language and culture at no cost to English language development.
  • Learning more than one language increases cultural awareness.
  • Students will have increased confidence and connection to cultural identity due to the elevation of Spanish language and culture.

performance/post-grad benefits

  • Two-way immersion programs help Latinos (the demographic with the lowest graduation rates) graduate from high school.
    • A study done in California showed that 93% of Latinos in 12th grade who had gone through a two-way immersion program expressed that they would stay in school (Lindholm-Leary, 2005).
  • Proficiency expands domestic and international job opportunities.
  • Students have increasingly more opportunities to work in bilingual and cross-cultural contexts both in the U.S. and internationally.

national and global benefits 

  • By 2020, Hispanics are expected to account for half of the growth in the U.S.’s labor force.
  • Spanish is the second most widely spoken language in the world.
  • Students experience increased cross-cultural competency and authentic understanding and empathy for Spanish language culture and people, and ultimately empathy for all parts of the world.


90-10 two-way work cited 

How does the 90-10 two-way program impact Spanish-speaking families?

Parents with limited English proficiency face language barriers that leave them unable to engage in their child’s classroom and to advocate for their child’s needs. Meanwhile, many second generation Spanish-speaking parents worry that their children are not becoming bilingual or biliterate and are losing their connection with Spanish-speaking grandparents and other members of their family and community.

The addalingua 90-10 two-way program solves these challenges by elevating the Spanish-language and culture, which incentivizes students to maintain their home language or to acquire their heritage language at no expense to English-language acquisition. Take a moment to read about (or listen) to one Spanish-speaking family’s experience with the addalingua two-way program below.

How does the 90-10 two-way program impact English-speaking families?

Many English-speaking families recognize the significant academic, linguistic, and cross-cultural benefits that accompany high levels of bilingualism and biliteracy. Additionally, they want to help their children forge deeper and more meaningful relationships with Spanish-speaking classmates and families in their community.

Take a moment to explore how the addalingua 90-10 two-way program strengthens the brain and enlarges the heart at the link below.